What’s Dead Stock? – Inventory Management Analysis


What’s Dead Stock? Inventory control is most likely among the trickiest aspects of running any business. If you are understocked, you can not make sales and customers will be inconvenienced. On the flip side, if you overdo it, you may […]

What’s Dead Stock? Inventory control is most likely among the trickiest aspects of running any business. If you are understocked, you can not make sales and customers will be inconvenienced. On the flip side, if you overdo it, you may have too much cash tied up in your inventory. This also creates a potentially major problem in the kind of dead stock. If you do not get it under control, this can eat up your profits. So what’s dead inventory, and how do you prevent it?

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What does dead inventory mean?

It’s simple to define dead inventory, because everything you will need to know is in the title. It pertains to products in your inventory that do not move or sell as quickly as you would like. Sometimes they do not even sell at all and sit forever in your own warehouse shelf. To put it differently, it is stock that is already dead. This sort of stock is a common but undesirable part of a company with a supply chain. That is because it represents some of your business’s expenses that you can not convert to gain. Bear in mind, all products in your inventory are all resources. That means you invested a portion of your funds to secure them. If you can not sell them, then your organization effectively wasted money on them.

Why it is a problem

That is only the start. You may not think they are doing much damage to your business by simply sitting there, but they are taking up valuable warehouse property for zero returns. That area could have been better occupied by a faster-moving thing that would’ve given your company revenue. You must also bear in mind that you have storage costs to think about with dead stock, which means that you will want to shell out money to maintain them in your warehouse. This is normally in the shape of rent, utilities, and equipment. For average stock, this is acceptable as it’s possible to recoup the costs as soon as you sell the item. With dead inventory, this will not happen, so you end up burning money.

To throw, or not to throw?

This problem becomes much more notable for certain items which have a high cost to shop, such as refrigerated goods. Perishable inventory is a ticking time bomb which will get a complete loss if it is not sold. In these instances, it becomes a hole on your balance sheet which can eat up your profits. It may be a challenge to eliminate these things in your inventory. It is always a waiting game with dead inventory, meaning it is tough to decide whether to simply dispose of it (and take a whole loss) or to await a chance to market and recover your investment.

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Reasons For dead stock

Multiple elements can cause dead inventory, and it is not just limited to errors in predicting demand and supply. This can happen in almost any company, even those who’ve correctly forecasted their stock. The industry is simply unpredictable. Here are a few of the best causes of dead inventory:

A sudden drop in demand

This is the frequent cause. At times, even with ideal forecasting, a surprising event might cause the need to fall drastically and lead to inventory that you can not sell. The current coronavirus pandemic is the best example of this. Within an instant, demand shifted and left a great deal of businesses with inventory that they can not get rid of. Sadly, this is something which affects every business, whether you’ve got a strong inventory management or not. The best method is to just be ready for the worst.

Forecasting errors

Obviously, dead inventory may also be caused by poor inventory forecasting. You may have ordered an extra number of stocks to expect the holiday season, but ended up selling just half of that. That is already dead stock. Timing can be vital, and you may end up with dead inventory if you miscalculate. If you are selling Christmas-specific items, by way of instance, re-ordering too late can run the risk of getting a good deal of excess products which you won’t have the ability to sell for at least a year. This is a problem which could be solved with the ideal dead inventory management system. Having appropriate inventory management and forecasting can help you anticipate stock levels with reasonable accuracy.

Defective products

If your goods are defective or of inferior quality, then you will have difficulty selling them off. Unfortunately, your choices are few and far in between when coping with subpar items your market will not accept. Whatever your approach, it will almost always cause a considerable loss.

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Poor sales performance

Frequently, the problem with surplus stock lies with poor earnings performance. Even when you’re in the right market at the ideal time, and with the perfect inventory levels, subpar sales and marketing can reverse all that hard work. By way of instance, if your sales team isn’t hitting their numbers, then it will create dead inventory issues. The incorrect marketing approach, such as misaligned advertising campaigns or higher cost, can also lead to overstocking problems.

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Best methods for dead stock management

Sooner or later, most firms are going to have dead inventory issue in their hands. Fortunately, there are many ways about how to effectively handle them. After using dead inventory analysis to have a scope of the issue, you can try any of these four approaches:

1. Bundle the item :

That is, definitely, among the most common and effective ways to eliminate dead stock. Also called kitting, this strategy involves packaging the dead inventory item with a different faster-moving item. The idea is to earn the offer considerably more attractive to your clients, so that you can eliminate the dead inventory in the procedure. Your profit margin will be reduced, but it is far better than getting no revenue from dead stock in any respect. At best, you will break even and return the cost of the product.

2. Sell at a reduction :

If bundling is not a choice, then you may try the timeless approach of selling at a discount. While typically not a fantastic pricing technique, it may nevertheless make the dead stock that much more appealing to your market. When you do so, it’s ideal to inject some scarcity on your offer. Mentioning a time limitation or how limited the inventory is can spur your clients into actions and drive the sales of your dead inventory up.

3. Use it for your promotion efforts:

you may use dead inventory items to encourage any of your advertising campaigns. By way of example, you may use them as bonuses or giveaways in an internet contest. You might even give them for free if they purchase any of your other regular products. The point is that it will encourage them to return and buy again in the future. It may take some time for the value of your advertising efforts to bear fruit, so you likely won’t see any real benefit from doing so in your balance sheet.

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4. Try selling in different places :

If your business performance involves multiple branches or areas, transferring some of the dead inventory there could be a fantastic idea. You don’t know, but these things may be more appealing in a newer marketplace. Apart from a physical location, you may even explore other virtual avenues also. When you haven’t yet, consider setting your offer on sites like eBay or Amazon. At the very least, you are tapping into a new market which might be more receptive to your dead inventory.

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The best way to prevent or reduce dead inventory

Dead stock is an issue that has to be discovered and prevented early on. To be sure that you avoid this from happening, here are some things you can do:

Using a rigorous QA system in place

Using a solid quality control system in place is critical if you would like to prevent any faulty goods or raw materials from entering your stock. The important thing is to apply it consistently. You also need to communicate carefully with your provider about your product specifications and minimum quality criteria. Even the slightest defect ought to be sent back to a provider. It may create a delay with your supply chain, but it is far better than having faulty dead stock on your inventory.

Have a solid inventory management system

Dead stock is frequently the consequence of predictions on your inventory. That is why it’s imperative to have an outstanding inventory management system in place. This permits you to accurately forecast the amount of stocks that you will need to purchase without too many surplus stocks. You may use a technique like ABC counting, to replenish high-moving stocks more compared to people with lower demand. You also have to use information at your disposal, such as past sales history and inventory velocity. Seasonality also has to be taken into account, in addition to market conditions.

Negotiate to market back to your provider

If you’re convincing enough, you can make a deal on your contract stating that you may return items to the provider if they don’t sell too. This is a excellent strategy to employ since you get your money back and do not need to worry about getting rid of this dead stock yourself. This is a fantastic security clause for you, but be ready to have a small loss in this transaction. Providers will often charge you a restocking and shipping fee for returns. At times, they’ll refund you in-store credits as opposed to money.

Reduce dead inventory with Revel Systems

At the end of the day, dead inventory is damaging to your business success. That’s why you will need to manage and prevent it as best you can.

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